The anther and filament of the stamen is where the pollen is produced and stored until a pollinator can come along and carry it to a different flower. The anther part of the flower is where the pollen is stored and the filament is the part that resembles a miniature stem. The filaments job is to prolong the pollen outwards, in hopes of catching the eye of a pollinator more quickly, so the pollen does not blow away in the wind or eaten by another animal.
There are two categories in which fruit can be divided by: fleshy and dry. Fleshy fruits can be divided, again, into fruits formed from a single flower and those formed from multiple flowers. Fruits can have only one seed or several seeds. Fleshy fruits formed from only one individual flower.
Fleshy fruits are classified as: Berry, Drupe, Aggregation of Drupes, Pome, Hesperidium. An example of a fleshy fruit is an avocado, as pictured above. Avocados only contain one large seed inside the fruit.
A genetically modified organism, more commonly known as a GMO, is the alteration of an organisms genetics using various genetic engineering techniques and processes.
Corn starch is a fairly usual, highly processed corn product made from genetically modified corn. Genetically modified corn offers very little nutritional value and carries some dangers associated with genetically modified organisms.
The two most common traits in Genetically Modified crops are:
proteins designed to kill insects who use the crop as a food source
proteins designed to make the crop immune/tolerant to an herbicide
This is a photo of a toppled over stump in my backyard. The darker rings around the inside of the stump are known as heartwood. Heartwood is the older, dead, central wood of a tree, which is generally darker and firmer than the younger wood. Heartwood can also be referred to as the duramen.
Heartwood is as a result of a chemical transformation that happens naturally, and has become more resistant to decay. Heartwood forms randomly and it is not a programmed process. Once heartwood formation is complete, the heartwood is no longer living.
Pollen is a typically yellow, powdery substance, made up of microscopic grains released from the male part of a flower or from a male cone, like the male pine cone. Each grain of pollen encloses a male gamete that can ferilize the female ovule. Pollen is transported by the wind, bees, insects or other animals.
Dicots, or dicotyledons, are plants that have two cotyledons, rather than a monocot, which has only a single cotyledons.
A rose is a very common dicot. You can tell rose’s are dicots because the dicot’s vein starts at the bottom and branches all over the leaf. Monocots have three or combination of three petals on the flower, like a lily. Dicots have four or five. Monocots have fibrous roots, while Dicots have a tap root.
Auxin is a hormone common in all plants that is responsible for the growth of shoots and development within the plant. Auxin is also responsible for the production of phototropism by promoting growth in certain directions. Auxin also helps to assist plants in elongation of the stem, roots and branches. Auxin can be found in the embryos of seeds and new leaves.
This is an image of the bud of a rose bush, where they lays a large quantity of the hormone auxin.